It is located on the Caribbean coast of the Yucatan Peninsula.
Tulumis divided into two generals. Where is tulum mexico in the. Tulum is a city located in Quintana Roo, Mexico.
The site could have been called Zama, which means City of Dawn, because it is facing dawn. Tulum is located on a cliff facing east, towards the Caribbean Sea. Tulum is also the Mayan word for Yucatan for fence, wall or ditch. The walls surrounding the site allowed the Tulum fort to be defended against invasions.
Tulum had access to both land and sea trade routes, making it an important commercial center, especially for obsidian. From numerous representations in murals and other works around the site, Tulum seems to have been an important site for the worship of the god Diver or Descending. Tulum was mentioned for the first time by Juan Díaz, a member of the Spanish expedition of Juan de Grijalva in 1518, the first Europeans to spot Tulum. The first detailed description of the ruins was published by John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Catherwood in 1843 in the book Incidents of Travel in Yucatan.
Upon arriving from the sea, Stephens and Catherwood saw for the first time a tall building that impressed them a lot, most likely the great Castle on the site. They made accurate maps of the walls of the site, and Catherwood sketched the Castle and several other buildings. Stephens and Catherwood also reported an early classic stele on the site, with an inscribed date of 564 A.D. (now in the British Museum collection).
This has been interpreted to mean that the stela was probably built elsewhere and brought to Tulum for reuse. Tulum has architecture typical of Mayan sites on the east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula. This architecture is recognized by a step that runs along the base of the building, which is located in a low substructure. Doors of this type are usually narrow, with columns that are used as support if the building is large enough.
When the walls are widened, there are usually two sets of moldings near the top. The room usually contains one or two small windows with an altar on the back wall, roofed by a ceiling of beams and rubble or vaulted. This type of architecture looks similar to what can be found in nearby Chichen Itza, but on a much smaller scale. Tulum was protected on one side by steep sea cliffs and on the ashore side by a wall that averaged 3 to 5 meters (9.8 to 16.4 feet) high.
The wall was also about 8 m (26 ft) thick and 400 m (1300 ft) long on the side parallel to the sea. The part of the wall that ran the width of the site was slightly shorter and only about 170 meters (560 feet) on either side. The construction of this huge wall would have required an enormous amount of energy and time, which shows how important defense was for the Mayans when they chose this site. In the southwest and northwest corners there are small structures that have been identified as watchtowers, again demonstrating how well defended the city was.
There are five narrow doors in the wall, two on the north and south sides and one on the west side. Near the north side of the wall, a small cenote provided fresh water to the city. It is this impressive wall that makes Tulum one of the best known fortified sites of the Mayans. There are three main structures of interest at the archaeological site of Tulum.
The Castle, the Temple of the Frescoes and the Temple of the Descending God. In the niche located at the top of the door is a sculpture that is found all over Tulum. He has wings, a headdress and holds an object in his hands. Also in the central enclosure is the pyramid, which measures 7.5 m (25 ft) tall.
The Castle was built on a previous building that had columns and had a roof of beams and mortar. The lintels in the superior rooms are engraved with snake motifs. The construction of the Castle seems to have taken place in stages. A small sanctuary seems to have been used as a lighthouse for incoming canoes.
This sanctuary marks a break in the barrier reef in front of the site. Here is a cove and a landing beach on a break on the cliffs of the sea that would have been perfect for the trade in coming canoes. This characteristic of the site may be one of the reasons why the Mayans founded the city of Tulum exactly here, since Tulum later became a prominent commercial port during the late Postclassic. The impact of tourism in Tulum is a subject of growing controversy.
The archaeological site of Tulum is a main and very famous tourist attraction of the North American continent located in Quintana Roo, Mexico. It is located in the northeastern part of the Yukatan Peninsula. Considered as one of the best preserved sites of the ancient Mayan settlement visited by millions of visitors every year. It is possible to see the ancient Mayan pyramids, the Mayan walls and other buildings.
There are some temples with ancient frescoes preserved to this day. The area is also famous for its caves and many cenotes, which are very small natural lakes with a round shape. There are many Mayan civilization sites on the Yucatan Peninsula, but none have a more beautiful location than Tulum, not far from Cancun. The odds of a hurricane hitting Tulum are low (less than half a dozen hurricanes have hit Yucatan in the last 40 years), but hurricanes traveling near Tulum can cause inclement weather and severe weather conditions.
This enormous distance, together with the density of obsidian found at the site, shows that Tulum was an important center for the obsidian trade. In addition to archaeological beauty, Tulum is also popular for its beaches, with a dusty sandy coastline that stretches 10 miles to the UNESCO Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve. The city also acts as a great gateway to nearby cenotes in Tulum, a must see when you are on the Yucatan Peninsula. Considered an important commercial center, Tulum enjoyed occupying the center of the waterway trade route and provided an eastern port for land routes from Yucatan and Tabasco.
Tulum, like other cities and islands in the region, is adjacent to the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef, the second longest coral reef system in the world. While you'll find places to stay in downtown Tulum, most travelers tend to book a hotel on the beach. Guided tours also take visitors through another of Tulum's nearby natural wonders, the Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve, a 652,193-acre reserve that is home to over a thousand types of plants and animals (think of everything from manatees to jaguars). The white sand beaches of Tulum provide you with a great Caribbean experience, attracting visitors from all over the world.
Salt and textiles were among some of the goods that merchants brought to Tulum by sea and that would be dispersed inland. Tulum is popular because of the Mayan ruins, which are important archaeological sites for Mexico and the whole world. . .